Regional Varieties: Baga Barbera Blaufränkisch Brachetto Carignan Carménère Cinsaut Dolcetto Gamay Graciano Lagrein Malvasia Nera Marzemino Montepulciano Mourvèdre Nero d'Avola Petit Verdot Petite Sirah Pinot Meunier Pinotage Touriga Nacional
Carignan is a Spanish grape that originated in Aragon, and later was transported to Italy and across the rest of Europe. It has large yields, but is very high in both acidity and tannins, making it hard to drink as a varietal. Unlike grapes such as Merlot, Carignan is used in blends to toughen soft wine, not to soften tough wine. It became very popular in California for a short time, but is mostly used in blends there now. Probably Carignan's most solid use is in the Languedoc, where it is one of the five most commonly used grapes.