Regional Varieties: Baga Barbera Blaufränkisch Brachetto Carignan Carménère Cinsaut Dolcetto Gamay Graciano Lagrein Malvasia Nera Marzemino Montepulciano Mourvèdre Nero d'Avola Petit Verdot Petite Sirah Pinot Meunier Pinotage Touriga Nacional
Touriga Nacional is a Portuguese grape, considered by many to be the country's finest. The wine is similar to Cabernet Sauvignon, high in structure and tannins, with concentrated flavors of black fruit. The grapes are small and yields are low. Touriga Nacional makes up only a small part of the Portuguese grape harvest, but it makes up a key part of the best Port. Unfortified red wines in the Douro and Dao, however, also use Touriga (it must make up at least 20% of Dao), and the grape is becoming increasingly popular for non-Port usage.
Australian knockoffs of Port have often employed Touriga Nacional, although the climate is a little too warm for the grape to thrive. In America, the grape is more popular. A Texas winery is producing a varietal Touriga on a limited basis.
Due to its finicky nature, this intense grape is often underappreciated. Scientists are working on a clone of the grape which will produce higher yields.