The AOC of Charlemagne is the most obscure Grand Cru in Burgundy. It was originally designed for white wine from Chardonnay, but producers tend to label their wine under the overlapping Corton-Charlemagne instead, as they are allowed to. Very little Charlemagne is produced anymore; for whatever reason we don't know, but producers preferred the name Corton-Charlemagne and that trend has almost entirely emptied out Charlemagne itself.
The Charlemagne Grand Cru AOC was created in 1937.
Climate and Viticulture
Since Charlemagne overlaps with Corton-Charlemagne, there is very little different between the two of these. The hilly climate is responsible for much of the vineyards' superiority.
- Chardonnay: In Charlemagne, with those few examples we have, Chardonnay evidently produces a rich and full-bodied, complex and intense white wine. The Charlemagnes, compared to Corton-Charlemagnes of the same pedigree, tend to be slightly less round and luscious, but with more intensity and a longer finish.
- Jadot: Apparently Jadot is one of the last diehards that still labels their white Chardonnay from the hills under the Charlemagne appellation. Charlemagnes were made in 2002, 2003, and 2004 that we can find, tending to display a complex and intense, less approachable nature than Jadot's same Corton-Charlemagne. They have good critical ratings.
There are no particular sub-vineyards in Charlemagne worth mentioning.