Toward the very north of the Côte de Nuits lie the communes of Fixin and Brochon. Gevrey-Chambertin to the south, and Marsannay to the north, somewhat sandwich these two villages in between them. These two villages encompass about 6.79 square miles, which yields 237 acres of vineyards. Out of these, 34.4 acres are designated Premier Cru. Generally, the rough figure of 50,000 cases is produced each year here.
Since Fixin is very much overshadowed by the more famous villages of the Côte de Nuits, the prices of wines have dropped to a level that could almost be considered...reasonable. And considering their "low" prices, Fixin wines are actually fairly good. The reds, which make up the overwhelming majority of production, have a simple core of fruit and can age for 10 years without losing too much of their elegance.
The Fixin AOC was created in 1936.
Climate and Viticulture
The villages of Fixin and Brochon are located very close to Gevrey-Chambertin itself. That village, with its record-shattering nine Grands Crus and dozens of famous Premiers Crus, doesn't appear to be very different from Fixin and Brochon. However, minor soil differences explain the major reputation difference, with an excess of clay in Fixin vineyards compared to those of its neighbor.
- Pinot Noir: In general, Fixin at the village and Premier Cru level is fairly simple-minded and light-bodied, with a creamy texture and a somewhat soft, although definitely present, structure. Rustic flavors include tough leather, earth, and minerals, but more common are soft raspberry, cherry, and sweet spice flavors, which make for a rather feminine wine. Occasionally, though, the wines can be too tannic and difficult to drink. The wines do not traditionally improve significantly with aging, and after 10 years even the best examples should begin to fade. Five years after vintage is probably the right time to drink most of these wines.
- Chardonnay: Chardonnay is allowed in Fixin, but is very obscure.
We have found 5 producers that seem to be both reliable and reasonably available.
- Domaine Humbert Freres
- Dominique Laurent
- Domaine Méo-Camuzet
- Lucien Le Moine
- Domaine Denis Mortet
These wines are discussed below.
Of course, there are no Grands Crus within Fixin, and the village is too obscure for any lieux-dits to be meaningful. However, village-level wines from Denis Mortet and Humbert Freres can be sweet, juicy, and ripe, with good silky texture and earthy fruit.
Here is a list of the five Premiers Crus:
- Clos du Chapître: This Premier Cru is clearly led by Méo-Camuzet's creamy-sweet, classy cuvée.
- Clos Napoléon
- Clos de la Perrière
- Hervelets: The main Premier Cru in Fixin, Hervelets is used by two of the better Fixin producers. These are Dominique Laurent and Lucien Le Moine, who take Fixin's soil conditions to a maximum of complexity. Dominique Laurent's wine emphasizes its elegance, with slightly sweet tinges, whereas Lucien Le Moine's cuvée is a more solid offering that needs a few years of age.